Various surface features timbre, tempo, and pitch influence melody recognition memory, but articulation format effects, if any, remain unknown. For the first time, these effects were examined. In Experiment 1, melodies that remained in the same, or appeared in a different but similar, articulation format from study to test were recognized better than were melodies that were presented in a distinct format at test. A similar articulation format adequately induced matching. Experiment 2 revealed that initial perceptual (dis)similarity as a function of the location of articulation (mis)match between two instances of the melody did not accurately determine discrimination performance. An important boundary condition of the matching process was defined: Whether matching occurs depends on the physical quantity, rather than location, of fit between the memory trace and the recognition probe, suggesting a global matching advantage effect.