Structural Constraints and Real-World Plausibility in Analogical Inference


Theoretical accounts of analogy have largely agreed that structural constraints play a substantial role in the mapping process. Less is known, however, about the robustness of these constraints in the inference process and the way in which particular content influences the use of structural constraints in analogical inference. We conducted two studies testing whether the plausibility (or implausibility) of an inference influences adherence to general structural principles in analogical reasoning. We found substantial reliance on the predicted structural constraints, but also an influence of the plausibility of the inference.

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