The Game Lies in the Eye of the Beholder: The Influence of Expertise on Watching Soccer


The influence of expertise on viewing soccer matches is already an area of extensive research focusing on training. However, free viewing of soccer matches did receive less attention. In an explorative eye-tracking study we compared the viewing behavior of novices, amateur players, and professional players watching soccer scenes freely. Overall, novices seem to view a soccer match quite similar to professional players, whereas amateurs engage in more visual work. The viewing behavior differs when watching soccer freely or with a task in mind – a result worth a second glance.

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