In the Eyes of the Beholder: What Eye-Tracking Reveals About Analogy-Making Strategies in Children and Adults


The present study uses eye-tracking technology to track differences in how children aged 5 and 8, and adults explore the space of possible answers to a semantic analogy problem. The main results were that adults looked more to A and B than to C and Target and that they start with A and B before looking at C and D. For children, the pattern was very different. They spent significantly more time than adults on C and the Target item (or distractors) and less on A and B. In addition, children start with an evenly distributed exploration of the stimuli before progressively converging on the C-Target relation.

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