Theory of Mind for you, and for me: behavioral and neural similarities and differences in thinking about beliefs of the self and other.


Do we have privileged access to our own mental states, or do we use the same mechanism for thinking about our own minds as we do for thinking about the minds of others? This study featured a task that either induced true and false beliefs in participants or allowed participants to witness another person’s true and false beliefs. Later we measured participants’ ability to recall their own and others’ beliefs, and the recruitment of brain regions for these processes. We found that participants were worse at recalling their own versus others’ beliefs, and that brain regions usually associated with ToM tasks were recruited when participants thought about their own beliefs.

Back to Table of Contents