A Quantum Probability Explanation for Violations of Symmetry in Similarity Judgments


A model of similarity is presented which is based on Quantum Probability (QP) theory. The model is applied to the case of violations of symmetry in similarity judgments, as demonstrated by Tversky (1977). The QP similarity model can predict such violations, on the basis of the same underlying intuitions as Tversky (1977). Moreover, we discuss how the model can be extended to account for violations of the triangle inequality and also the empirical findings in relation to Tversky’s diagnosticity principle.

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