Sentic Panalogy: Swapping Affective Common Sense Reasoning Strategies and Foci


An important difference between traditional AI systems and human intelligence is our ability to harness common sense knowledge gleaned from a lifetime of learning and experiences to inform our decision-making and behavior. This allows humans to adapt easily to novel situations where AI fails catastrophically for lack of situation-specific rules and generalization capabilities. In order for machines to exploit common sense knowledge in reasoning as humans do, moreover, we need to endow them with human-like reasoning strategies. In problem-solving situations, in particular, several analogous representations of the same problem should be maintained in parallel while trying to solve it so that, when problem-solving begins to fail while using one representation, the system can switch to one of the others. Sentic panalogy is a technique that aims to emulate such process by exploiting graph-mining and dimensionality-reduction techniques to dynamically interchange both different reasoning strategies and the foci around which such strategies are developed.

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