Cognitive typology


This paper presents the dynamic, psycho-cognitive approach to study of human verbal thinking on the basis of typologically different languages /as a Mongolian, English and Russian/. Topological equivalence in verbal communication serves as a basis of Universality of mental structures and therefore deep structures. Mechanism of verbal thinking consisted at the deep level of basic concepts, rules for integration and classification, neural networks of vocabulary. According to the results of psycho-cognitive analysis, semantic bootstrapping serves as a basis of grammatical categories, blending and mental mapping - as a basis for high level linguistic structures (sentence, discource). In terms of typologically different languages, topological structure of discource represents the way in which the individual organizes semantic content, concepts and propositions, in his/her cognitive structure. Comparative analysis of above named languages has shown that analogical mapping, inference between the properties (like space and time, quantity and quality, shape, color, volume structure) present a basis for semantics transformations. Comparative analysis of the influence of language on cognition proposes a pathway for new developments in psycho-cognitive research, particularly for integral generative semantics in 2D and 3D dimensions. Key words: verbal thinking, mental structures, blending, mapping, bootstrapping, integral semantics.

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