The effects of regularity in spatial inferences with and without local landmarks on spatial learning


Regularity in spatial inferences during wayfinding has a different effect on spatial learning depending on clues available in an environment. Our previous study has revealed that the irregular updating, which involves multidirectional self-to-object updating, has a facilitation effect when global landmarks are available, while it impedes the learning without the landmarks. In the present study, we examined the updating mode in the context of local landmark information. In the experiment using a real maze, participants visited multiple targets in one of four conditions by a combination of two factors: an updating mode (regular or irregular) and an environmental information mode (with or without local landmarks). The results suggest that there is an interaction between factors. Although there is no difference between three of the conditions (regular & landmarks, regular & no landmarks, and irregular & landmarks), the irregular updating impedes the learning without the landmarks.

Back to Table of Contents