Landmarks in motion: Unstable entities in route directions


In the present study, we investigate if speakers refer to moving entities in route directions (RDs). On the one hand, there is a general agreement that landmarks are perceptually salient and stable objects. On the other hand, animated movement attracts visual attention, making entities intrinsically salient. In two experiments we tested to what extent people are prepared to use moving entities. Our results show that participants mention moving entities when the communicative setting affords such references (route directions as a joint communicative action) and when the movement is informative for the place where a turn should be taken.

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