Verbalizing navigation: Explicit and implicit concepts


Every day, we navigate our environments with astonishing ease. Most of our paths are familiar to us and can be navigated without (much) conscious thought; in other cases, we use various strategies to find our way (Tenbrink & Wiener, 2007). Since these processes are at the heart of human spatial cognition they have been researched extensively, often based on route directions as the most common verbalizations of navigation. Our research extends this tradition across various wayfinding contexts, addressing street network scenarios (Hölscher, Tenbrink, & Wiener, 2011), complex buildings (Tenbrink, Bergmann, & Konieczny, 2011), alpine environments (Egorova, Tenbrink, & Purves, 2015), and including effects of automatic systems as producers (Tenbrink & Winter, 2009) or recipients (Moratz & Tenbrink, 2006; Tenbrink et al., 2010) of spatial directions.

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