Cake or Hat? Words Change How Young Children Process Visual Objects


A large literature shows that language influences cognition. Yet, we know very little about when and how linguistic influences on cognition become important in development. Here we test the proposal that one pathway by which language affects cognition is by activating category information which influences visual processing, and that this influence starts early. Across two experiments, we show that category information affects visual processing and that words can activate category information in young children.

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