Towards an Analogical Theory of Mind


Several theories about Theory of Mind (ToM) have been proposed. The most well-known of these are Theory Theory and Simulation Theory, although alternative and hybrid theories do exist. One such theory, proposed by Bach (2011, 2014), is based on the Structure-Mapping theory of analogy, which has been shown to play a key role in cognitive development. There is evidence that children are more likely to pass false belief tasks when trained using stories that are easy to compare via structural alignment, as opposed to stories that are difficult to compare in this way (Hoyos, Horton & Gentner, 2015). This paper shows how a computational model based on Bach’s account can provide an explanation for the Hoyos et al. training study and proposes directions for future research on human subjects.

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