Cognitive and Experiential Interestingness in Abstract Visual Narrative
- Morteza Behrooz, Computer Science / Computational Media, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States
- Afshin Mobramaein, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States
- Arnav Jhala, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States
- Jim Whitehead, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States
AbstractInteractive intelligent agents use cognitive models to anticipate and simulate human behavior, and a fundamental pillar of human cognition and interaction is narrative. As a result, agents need to understand human comprehension of various types of narratives. A key component of modeling comprehension is the perception of interestingness of constituent actions and events in the narrative. In this paper, we briefly review previous theories of interestingness, drawn from cognitive psychology and narratology. We propose expanded computationally amenable theory of interest which takes into account both cognitive and experiential aspects of perceived interest. To empirically validate the theory, we present a narrative generator for abstract animations inspired by Heider and Simmel's experiments. The generated animations are parameterized along the dimensions of our proposed theory. We present the results of a user study with this generative system and report on the effects of visual narrative parameters on perceived interest.
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