Measuring Attention Control Abilities with a Gaze Following Antisaccade Paradigm

AbstractSocial gaze-following consists of both reflexive and volitional control mechanisms of saccades, similar to those evaluated in the antisaccade task. This similarity makes gaze-following an ideal medium for studying attention in a social context. The present study seeks to utilize reflexive gaze-following to develop a social paradigm for measuring attention control. We evaluate two gaze-following variations of the antisaccade task. In version 1, participants are cued with still images of a social partner looking either left or right. In version 2, participants are cued with videos of a social partner shifting their gaze to the left or right. As with the traditional antisaccade task, participants were required to look in the opposite direction of the target stimuli (i.e., gaze cues). Performance on the new gaze-following antisaccade tasks is compared to the traditional antisaccade task and the highly related ability of working memory.

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