Dual Processes in Relational Judgment: A Computational Framework
- Sudeep Bhatia, Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
- Russell Richie, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
- Wenjia Joyce Zhao, Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
AbstractPeople have the ability to accurately judge the truth-values of propositions involving relations, though are sometimes prone to errors which arise due to the use of heuristics and cognitive shortcuts. For example, while judging whether or not the PartOf relation holds between the concepts sparrow and bird, people may use structured symbolic knowledge representations that directly evaluate the truth or falsehood of the proposition PartOf(sparrow,bird), but may also query unstructured representations that merely consider the association between sparrow and bird. The latter are often more accessible and can be used to make quick and effortless judgments. However, they can lead to errors when the association between two concepts does not correspond to whether or not the target relationship holds between the concepts, such as in the example considered here.
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